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Types of skin cancers

1- Non-melanoma skin cancers

  • Basal Cell Carcinoma
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma

2-Melanoma

1- Non-melanoma skin cancers;

Basal Cell Carcinoma: It is generally seen on head and neck region. It is localized on areas exposed to sun as earlap, on the nose, around the eyes, and cheeks.

Skuamous Cell Carcinoma: It is seen in the mouth, and more frequently around the mouth. It has a tendency to metastasize.

2- Melanoma; It originates from pigment producing cells. Since it is most aggresive form when compared with the other two forms, early diagnosis, and treatment is very important.

Most frequent causes of skin cancers

  1. Exposure to sun light
  2. Immune suppression – It may occur as an outcome of some diseases, it may be related to the drugs used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases.
  3. Exposure to X-rays
  4. Contact with some chemicals (Arsenic, tar etc.)

Manifestations of Skin Cancers

  • Changes in the dimensions, configuration, color, contours (irregular contours) of the mole or skin spots,
  • Moles, and blemishes different, and more conspicuous from other moles
  • Treatment of refractory wounds or healed wounds with recurrent exacerbations
  • Pain, itching or redness around the mole

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